“Methods” describes the process used to collect and analyse information to
understand a topic or issue. It generally involves these steps:
1. Identify the issue
2. Review the literature
3. Collect data
4. Analyse the data
6. Present an answer
7. Possibly make a recommendation
Appropriate methods involve a regular and systematic way of accomplishing
All too often, people find themselves using a particular method “because we have
always done it that way”. A third-party analysis can add a new dimension,
possibly making a solution easier and/or less expensive.
Systems analysis involves methods both in its approach and as its focus.
A methodical approach can be applied to the delivery of services at a macro scale,
or when baking a cake or assembling an IKEA table.
A methodical approach enables planning the use of resources (time, money and
environmental resources) in a cost-effective manner.